[ASEAN] Resolution on Political and Humanitarian approach to the displaced people of Rakhine State Crisis

Hours of in-depth discussions and consideration among members of ASEAN committee has resulted in a resolution being passed to resolve the issue concerning the displaced people of Rakhine State Crisis at hand. The resolution reads as follows: 

Committee: ASEAN Topic: Establishing a Political and Humanitarian Solution to the the displaced people of the Rakhine State Crisis Sponsors: Japan, Laos, Vietnam Signatories: Cambodia, Brunei, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, China, Indonesia The Association of Southeast Asian Nations,

Respecting the fundamental importance of cooperation, and the principle of sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, non-interference, consensus and unity in diversity,

Adhering to the principle of democracy, the rule of law and good governance, respect for and protection of human rights and fundamental freedom,

Reaffirming the commitment to the Universal Declaration of Human Right, the Charter of the United Nations, the Vienna Declaration Programme of Action, and other international human rights instruments to which ASEAN States are parties,

Reaffirming further the importance of ASEAN’s efforts in promoting human rights, including but not specific to the case of the displaced people of the Rakhine State,

Recalling the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia (TAC) of 1976 : towards a mutual respect for the independence, sovereignty, equality, territorial integrity, and national identity of all nations and effective cooperation among themselves,

Recognizing that the most pressing aspect of the problem is to give the displaced people of the Rakhine State people a better living condition,

1. Respects the sovereignty and interests of all countries while upholding the interest of ASEAN as a whole;

2. Calls upon the continuation and improvement of humanitarian aid to the the displaced people of the Rakhine States who are still seeking refuge in Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Bangladesh and other possibly affected states through the following but not limited to:

a. Provides primary needs such as food, shelters and clothing, b. Provides medical care and sanitation,

c. Provides mental health consultation,

d. Provides adequate temporary housing,

e. Provides training and other capacity building measures;

3. Encourages the execution of further multilateral and bilateral negotiations between Myanmar and other parties who can support in the issue on topics of the repatriation of refugees, their safety, and other important aspects to achieve the best solutions while continuing to respect the sovereignty of ASEAN member states and interests;

4. Encourages the government of Myanmar to establish monitoring policies towards the military in ensuring that there is no human rights violation conducted;

5. Recommends the re-establishment of the framework of Nansen Passport to give the temporary basic legal status including jobs and create an egalitarian working environment for the the displaced people of the Rakhine State refugees, and the the displaced people of the Rakhine State refugees, in return, have the responsibility to:

a. Follow strictly the constitution of the country in which they are temporarily seeking for refuge,

b. In case of violation, they are subject to punishments according to the legal system and the degree of such violation;

7. Solemnly affirms that joint efforts to ensure a better living condition for the displaced people of the Rakhine State people in refugee camps are made, including but not limited to:

a. Collaborate with international bodies such as UNHCR, IRO, and WHO to address the issue in the refugee camps and other international or regional NGOs on the issue,

b. Regarding children education, collaborate with UNICEF to provide education for the children in the refugees camps, moreover, discuss the basic education for the children on survival and provide them with mental supports in regards to the past traumas,

c. To provide capacity building for the adults during the camp in order to prepare them for repatriation,

d. Provide trauma and rehabilitation center inside the refugee camps for the adults, children, and woman,

e. Encourages the ASEAN member states to engage in multilateral talks in timely manner especially between those hosting refugees to shares informations and good case practices while handling the refugee issue,

f. To increase the well-being of the people, by providing the refugee camps with sufficient sanitation system,

g. To provide education and other reconciliation process between the displaced people of the Rakhine state and the local citizens;

8. Suggests the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) as the monitor of all money donated by other nations towards Myanmar, the head of which has the duty to:

a. Ensure that the money will be used to improve the living conditions and the well-being of the displaced people of the Rakhine State immigrants in refugee camps,

b. Maintain the transparency in both receiving and allocating money to make sure that there is no possible chance of corruption,

c. Create progress reports on a periodic basis following initial on-site visits and reports under the consent of respective country;

9. Recommends the government of Myanmar and other member states to further consider the long-term proposed solutions on political, health, education, monitoring in line with the Final Report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State as a reference to develop the framework of repatriation of the displaced people of the Rakhine State people in the long term in ensuring the safety and well-being of the the displaced people of the Rakhine State through framework such as but not limited to:

a. Pursues a more flexible and tolerant verification process between countries having refugee with the government of Myanmar in collaboration with the local people to verify the identity of the repatriated,

b. Encourages Myanmar’s government to build education and health centers in Rakhine to support the people upon returning to their homeland by the donations given by the The United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) and other international partners,

c. Recommends the government of Myanmar to open access for international media coverage on the issue;

10. Urges to empower and involve the ASEAN bodies in the hopes to prevent further conflicts or solve current conflicts such as but not limited to, the displaced people of the Rakhine State conflict in Rakhine State of Myanmar within the region through measures such as but not limited to:

a. ASEAN Parliamentary for Human Rights in preventing and reducing discrimination towards minorities groups or any other vulnerable such as but not limited to the displaced people of the Rakhine State people, b. ASEAN Chiefs of Police (ASEANAPOL) in monitoring the movement of the displaced people of the Rakhine State refugees through intelligence sharing in aim to prevent the spread of Arakan the displaced people of the Rakhine State Salvation Army (ARSA),

c. ASEAN Institute for Peace and Reconciliation to suggest recommendations on dispute settlement, conflict management and resolution as well as peace process and conflict resolution as recommendation to government of Myanmar. In addition to promote interfaith dialogue to prevent and decrease ethnicities, race, religion based discriminations in order to achieve inclusive community of ASEAN;

11. Calls for the investment of states to the Myanmmar government and other affected countries to ensure the economic development for the long term, in addition to the resources for the following solutions by collaborating with the UN Bodies and international countries partners in terms of technical and financial resources.