[FAO] Draft Resolution 2.1 Introduced

As time elapsed, the Delegates of China and Allies have introduced the very first draft resolution for the topic of man-made famine. Below is a first look at the draft resolution:

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DRAFT RESOLUTION

Food and Agriculture Organization

 

Sponsors: China, DR Congo, South Sudan, India, Pakistan

Signatories: Zimbabwe, Cambodia, Ethiopia, France, Nigeria, Germany, Malaysia, Japan

Topic: “Addressing the Issues of Man-made Famine”

 

Reminding all nations of the plan to eliminate world hunger which recognizes the equality in accessibility of food, affordable and accessibility, in order to prevent future famine; 

 

Recognizing that the challenge of eradicating poverty and hunger requires a comprehensive and multidimensional response by the United Nations system, including the funds, programmes and agencies, as appropriate within their respective mandates;

 

Recognizing that eliminate hunger is key to the sustainable development goals of United Nation by 2030;

 

Recognizing that famine began caused by lack of food supply, and also caused by many factors, including: the authoritarian government, civil wars, economic condition, etc. 

 

Recognizing that famine is one of the humanitarian crisis that needs to be solved;

 

Affirming the urgent need of raising food chain access for the importance of prevent the present famine;

 

Noting that to prevent future famine, every member countries need to work hand in hand with mutual agencies and communities;

 

Requests developed countries to send food aids to famine-stricken countries; 

 

Trusting that such an action of promote and implement activities for helping the rural areas, could through media, is an action that in favor of the preserving and sustaining global hunger, as well as raise awareness of the importance of food security, in addressing issues of famine;

 

Considering the urgent need to address the issue of worldwide famine to eliminate hunger, this implies for agriculture sustainability, human livelihoods and food supplies;

 

Considering FAO provides an umbrella under which countries can identify strategic priorities and coordinate their efforts to find solutions and plans of actions to pressing problems affecting food and agricultural production,

 

 

1.   Encourages Member States to increase their capability to ensure sustainable welfare through Hunger Alleviation  Response Programme (HARP) which includes but not limited to:

  1. Preventing famine in the vulnerable areas through improving food supply chain and accessibility;
  2. Assisting countries in need to achieve food security through means of mutual cooperation;
  3. Offering food aid or donor for the affected countries, which provides to prevent decreasing health condition of the people from the famine;

 

2.     Calls upon the co-operation between non-governmental organizations, intergovernmental organizations and all Member States, especially developed countries, to:

  1. Contribute and work with smallholder farmers in rural areas of famine-stricken regions to improve their capacity in alleviating hunger;
  2. Build up a mechanism for organizations, countries, and communities to help distributing the food aids, by means including but not limited to:

i.          Building up refugees camp for countries in conflict, so that the aids come from UN and other countries could be given directly to the residents;

      c.  Create community based-solution to eliminate hunger through means, such as but not limited to:

i.          Opening community-based farms,

ii.         Establishing food stock warehouses;

      d. Providing financial and technological assistance to promote agricultural systems and productions;

      e. Making further progress towards comprehensive operations in supporting the eradication of hunger;

      f . Identifying the specific causes of hunger in any famine-stricken country and devise tailor-made solutions to resolve the issue;

      g. Provide and distribute humanitarian aid such as food, health care, clean drinking water and sanitation to vulnerable groups, in order to prevent starvation, including but not limited to:
            i. Requiring UN Peacekeeping Operations in some countries to protect aid workers, civilians and help civilians in conflict areas to receive aid,

ii. Promoting collaboration between local governments and international community to facilitate and support civilians to access humanitarian aid;

3.  Encourages countries with high agricultural outputs to improve food storage quality for the sake of food assistance to famine-stricken countries, by means but not limited to:

  1. Controlling the temperature of the storage carefully;
  2. Developing freezing system for fresh seafood;
  3. Separating food based on its property for more effective storing;

4.  Encourages countries to fulfill their agricultural potential, by means including but not limited to:

  1. Developing dry farming technologies;
  2. Using fertilizer to improve soil quality;
  3. Improving water quality;
  4. Encouraging the use of efficient agricultural methods and equipment;
  5. Educating agricultural workers about agricultural practices that yield higher productivity;

 

5.  Asks WHO to provide information and nutritional assistance to pregnant and lactating women and children under 5 years old in poverty areas;

6.  Encourages non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and local governments to

cooperate in building resilience and sustaining peace after conflicts, by means including but not limited to:

a. Assisting vulnerable countries and households in preventing, anticipating, preparing for, coping with, and recovering from conflicts in order to alleviate food insecurity and sustain social development;

b. Enhancing livelihood support that addresses the root causes of conflicts and conflict

stressors, and that promotes re-engagement in productive economic activities for famine victims;

c. Facilitating community-based approaches that help build relationships and social

cohesion, improve aspirations, confidence and trust, connect displaced and host communities;

d. Promoting efforts to improve resilience on a national level, to enhance government capacity in critical areas such as food security, emergency preparedness and response and delivery of basic services such as health, nutrition, education, water and sanitation;

 

7. Calls upon non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and Member States to support and help vulnerable countries to rebuild communities and promote long-term development, prevent and cope with conflict and food insecurity as well as sustaining peace, including but not limited to:

a. Collaborating with local governments to quickly follow and support communities that are starting to rebuild and relatively safe from violent conflict;

b. Promoting the strengthen of local food systems resilience by:

i. Providing communities appropriate, up-to-date crop technologies and making sure those are adopted,

ii. Strengthening institutional support for research, agricultural extension services, and policy making,

iii. Requiring organizations to identify and work to strengthen all the factors that contribute to resilience,

iv. Restoring food production through the distribution of inputs such as fertilizer and high-quality seeds to reconstruct agricultural development;

c. Focusing on long-term economic strategies by:

i. Providing financial and technological assistance to invigorate local economies by investing in expand national infrastructures, such as transport, telecommunication and energy,

ii. Fostering economic diversification and otherwise expand employment opportunities, in order to help ensure food security,

iii. Investing in microcredit programs, market development, and long-term agricultural research,

iv. Building proper policies and strategies to promote economic development and reduce vulnerability of famine in the long run;

d. Promoting social development to ensure civilians’ life by:

i. Strengthening health care, clean drinking water and sanitation,

ii. Preventing diseases, malnutrition and food insecurity,

iii. Accessing education as well as eradicating literacy,

iv. Ensuring human rights and gender equality;

e. Developing a governance structure for natural resources that is efficient, equitable and environmentally sustainable, thereby reducing tensions arising from competition over natural resources;

 

8. Encourages the Member states to establish a minimum wage in their countries to ensure that civilians are able to afford food and basic needs:

a.       The minimum wage would be decided by the government of the countries and further suggest by ECOFIN;

b.      The government of the countries should ensure the chosen minimum wage provides a sustainable life for civilians;

c.       The government of the country should ensure the minimum wage is followed by all organizations and workplaces.

 

Amanda TranComment