[FAO] Resolution to Safe and Sustainable Pest Control Mechanism

After 3 Draft Resolutions and 3 committee sessions, the council of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations have reached consensus in the problem of maintaining Safe and Sustainable Pest Control Mechanism. Below is the final Resolution from the council of FAO:

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION

SPONSORS: The United States of America, Germany, Brazil, France, The United Kingdom, China, India, Yemen, South Sudan

SIGNATORIES: Cambodia, The Russian Federation, Zimbabwe, Japan, Pakistan, Ethiopia, DR Congo

TOPIC: Promoting safe and sustainable pest control mechanism

 

The General Assembly,

 

Reaffirming previous relevant solutions to the abuse of pesticides,

 

Noting with deep concern about the impacts of pesticides, especially on human health and environment,

 

Stressing the fact that pests’ control problem affects sustainable development of the economy,

 

Encouraging agencies of the United Nations to collaborate more closely with countries to bring out the optimum resolutions,

 

Recognizing that sustainable agriculture protects the environment, forests and biodiversity from plant pests, climate change and supports efforts to reduce hunger, malnutrition and poverty;

 

Noting that sustainable agriculture system contribute to all life on Earth, ecosystem functions, food security and is the key to sustainable life on Earth;

 

Recalling to contribute to the agreed United Nations Sustainable Development Goals for 2030, referred to support the measurement and monitoring of the agriculture system;

1)   Urges nations to conduct authorized extensive training programs, public classes and propaganda especially aimed at  pesticides users and pesticides retailers to heighten their awareness of matters including but not limited to:

a.    Risks and usage conditions of pesticides,

b.   Safety precautions and protecting equipment corresponding with pest control methods,

c.    Highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) and their criteria,

d. Drawbacks of indiscriminate use of chemical pesticides on the environment and human health,

e. Non-chemical methods and their positive effects, such as but not limited to, biological control measures, physical barriers, pheromones;

2)   Strongly recommends governments to impose punitive measures, depending on the country’s laws, on offenders committing illegal production, importation, trade and usage of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs), except for granted use for scientific purposes;

3)   Calls for careful surveillance systems to monitor and review the use and effectiveness of risk mitigation measures, with administration entities including but not limited to:

a.    Agriculture censoring bodies,

b.   National scientific institutions,

c.    Health posts and provincial hospitals;

4)   Recommends the introduction of financial incentives for companies or corporations selling and preferring integrated pest control products over their industrial counterparts, in conformity with the country’s economic situation, by means including but not limited to:

a. Tax reduction schemes for environmentally friendly pest control methods,

b. Tax increase for chemical and contagious pesticides;

5)   Strongly encourages all Member States to promote the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and sustainable approaches to plant protection for agricultural development, including but not limited to:

a. Promoting good expansionary policies to stimulate the implementation of the IPM and proper plant protection by:

i. Increasing governments subsidies to the IPM and investments in sustainable pest management strategies, proper use of pesticides, sustainable farming methodologies and technologies,

ii. Minimizing tariff for safe pesticides products, technologies which support sustainable farming development and sustainable agricultural products,

b. Building a holistic approach to plant protection, which takes into consideration economic, social and environmental aspects, as well as possible impacts on biodiversity;

c. Encouraging the application of scientific and technological research in utilizing lower risk chemicals and effective alternatives, including:

i. Funding for projects and experiments to produce natural pest repellents,   

ii. Hosting lessons relevant to research in alternatives for pesticides within school campus;

6)   Encourages the application of global standards on agricultural produce, including but not limited to:

a. The amount of pesticides residues in the food products,

b. The necessary duration for pesticide residues’ effect to disappear after application;

 

7) Calls upon non-governmental organizations, intergovernmental organizations, and developed countries to assist developed and underdeveloped countries sustainable pest control mechanisms by methods, including but not limited to:

a. Providing assistance in the form of financial support, volunteers, training programs, technologies promptly to countries in need,

b. Promoting the scientific partnership, research efforts and dialogue between Member States to study and develop more non-toxic pest control mechanisms.


 

Amanda TranComment