[SOCHUM] Resolution deals with corruption and misuse of humanitarian aid

 

The General Assembly Third Committee,

 

Being guided by the purposes and principles of humanitarian action,

 

Bearing in mind that combating corruption in humanitarian assistance is a matter of priority for the international community,

 

Recalling its RES 36/1996 of July 1996, which encourages Governments to work with UN bodies aimed at improving the coordination and effectiveness of humanitarian assistance; RES 36/2010 of 15 July 2010, in which strengthening of the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations is declared,

 

Recalling adopted Resolution A/RES/69/199 in 2014 in accordance with the United Nations Convention against Corruption,

 

Deeply concerned by the destitution of people of affected countries because of the delay or lack of humanitarian aid,

 

Expressing grave concern at the increase in the number of people affected by humanitarian emergencies, including those associated with natural hazards and complex emergencies, at the increased impact of natural disasters and at the displacement resulting from humanitarian emergencies,

 

Welcoming the fact that 173 States parties have already ratified or acceded to the Convention,

 

Acknowledging the effort of Member States to prevent corruption from hindering the progress of transferring aid,

 

Noting with satisfaction the past action of UN bodies and non-governmental organizations,

 

  1. Encourages every Member State to introduce or continue, revise anti-corruption laws, methods and programs at 5-year intervals and make amendments if necessary in order to detect, prevent and ameliorate corruption, including but not limited to:

  1. complying with the goals of the UN Department of Humanitarian Affairs to streamline efforts of humanitarian action

  2. setting up anti-corruption organizations sponsored and closely supervised by UN officials

  3. encouraging States to remain supportive of early rehabilitation after natural disasters or conflicts

  4. training public officials working in the humanitarian assistance sector by several following methods, including but not limited to promoting work ethics that value integrity, confidentiality and fidelity

  5. passing anti-corruption laws, including but not limited to:

    1. imposing appropriate punishments to those involved in, funding and covering corrupt acts, including but not limited to:

i.i. bribing and receiving bribes

i.ii. sexual exploitation in exchange for relief supplies

   i.iii. refusal and reduction of aid as punishments for those reporting or refusing to conduct corrupt acts

i.iv.  food diversion to wrong groups

i.v. falsification of registration cards for refugee camps

i.vi. embezzlement,

    1. enacting laws to promote and protect whistleblowers (the person who exposes any kinds of information and activities that is deemed illegal)

  1. improving the ability of external and internal supervision to effectively detect frauds by the following methods, including but not limited to:

    1. requiring regular detailed reports on the management of humanitarian aids from relevant authorities

    2. giving regular check-ups of the management of humanitarian aids

  2. monitoring the flow of aids by means of relevant logistic software system

  3. strongly urging government not to hinder the flow of humanitarian aid ;

 

  1. Encourages collaboration among Member States with a view to improve transparency in humanitarian works, by the following methods, including but not limited to:

  1. publicizing reports of humanitarian aid from donor countries which include details of aids’ sources, the amount received and purpose of the aid,

  2. publicizing reports of humanitarian works from recipient countries which include details of the amount received, specific purposes of disbursals and their results,

  3. conducting re-evaluations of the amount of aids crossing the borders,

  4. sending officials to conduct unexpected checks in areas where corruption is alarming and submitting reports on such checks to international bodies sponsored by the UN in order to have more accurate reports on the corruption status of affected countries

  5. implementing and installing confidential complaint mechanisms,

  6. encouraging local residents to report cases of corruption to anti-corruption national and international bodies or via complaint machines,

  7. requiring all the humanitarian aids donated in the frame of both domestic and international laws;

  8. suggesting recipient countries to allow international bodies to take charge of handling and the distribution of aid;

 

3. Underlines the importance of setting up anti-corruption bodies in countries deeply touched by corruption, and revising their operation of such bodies at 5-year intervals;

 

4. Strongly discourages actions of donor countries which force recipient countries to unnecessarily expedite aid spending;

 

5. Encourages efforts in increasing and disseminating knowledge about the prevention of corruption and self-protection against corrupt acts by the following means, inter alia:

  1. inclusion of lessons regarding corruption prevention in school curriculums on regional, national and international scale

  2. workshops by anti-corruption organizations about how to detect and report corruption on regional, national and international scale, especially in recipient countries

  3. awareness-raising campaigns on regional, national and international scale, especially in recipient countries;

 

6. Stresses the continuing need for impartial and objective information on the political, economic and social situations and events of recipient countries ;

 

7. Encourages Member States, in line with their domestic laws, to add regulations that strengthen the legislative system in recipient countries ;

 

8. Encourages direct exchange of material supplies, including but not limited to;

  1. food

  2. medicine

  3. clothes ;

 

9. Calls for special methods in accordance with the conditions in clause 1 to support the delivery of aid in areas of conflicts, including but not limited to:

  1. calling upon all armed forces to comply with the domestic regulations in order to ensure the safety of aid transportation

  2. developing special programs to transfer aid and control casualties in war zones


 

10. Encourages the creation of small-scaled emergency institutions run by UN officials located in inaccessible regions with a view to providing aid in time for people in destitution and desperation ;

 

11. Calls on international bodies sponsored by the UN to improve quality of humanitarian work by the following methods, including but not limited to:

  1. selecting and training humanitarian workers and peacekeepers rigorously through a process that ensures their professionalism and moral qualities

  2. periodically evaluating the operation of humanitarian work as well as activities of on-duty humanitarian workers and peacekeepers, based on which will the authorities manage to keep track of the works

  3. immediately laying off those involved in or facilitating corruption ;


12. Encourages developed countries, national and international organizations to fund aforementioned activities within their power, if need be.

Dac An NguyenComment