[WHO] US propose resolution to tackling prescription drug abuse

United States has just submitted a draft resolution to address the problem of drug abuse. This is the second resolution submitted by the US during the official session.

The proposal, sponsered by Spain, Sweden, Maldives, Laos and Poland, described the suggested detailed punishment for those who violate drug policy, including both sellers and buyers. It also called for the establishment of rehabilitation centers, the categorization of drugs and the decriminalization of the use of illicit drugs.

United Kingdom critized the draft resolution for doing "not enough" and called for more amendments to the draft resolution.

Full text of the draft resolution:

 

The World Health Organization,

Deeply concerned about the past and the present incidents of prescription drug abuse, particularly the opioid crisis in the US,

Regretting that there has not been any solution that can effectively eliminate the problems globally,

Being aware of the complexity and difficulty of the situation,

Urgently calling for cooperation from every Member State of the WHO,

 

1. Firmly re-establishes that drug is strictly prohibited:

  1. for any purposes other than the diagnosis from the doctors,

  2. with the amount exceeding the prescribed amount,

  3. in a method other than the prescribed medical method or the generally advised method for that substance;

 

2. Strongly deplores any violations of prescription drug policies by practical methods, including but not limited to:

  1. Buyers:

    1. assigning them into rehabilitation centers,

    2. charging them (the amount is based on each country’s policies);

  2. Sellers:

    1. penalizing them according to the level of severity, in more details:

      1. level 1 of penalty: charging them a specific amount of money (depending on each nation’s policies and regulations) for the first time of disobedience;

      2. level 2 of penalty: temporarily revoking their degrees or certificates relating to medicine selling for a specific amount of time (depending on each nation’s policies) for the second time of disobedience;

      3. level 3 of penalty: permanently banned them from selling drugs for the third time of disobedience;

 

3. Affirms that every patient presents their doctors’ signed prescription before being given medicines and check for the legitimation of the following documents, but not limited to:

  1. doctors’ signatures,

  2. patients’ health reports,

  3. patients’ signatures and confirmations to adhere to the prescription;

 

4. Collaboratively invests in constructing rehabilitation centers and facilities for treating addiction of drugs and mental diseases regarding the abuse of prescription drugs:

  1. providing mental health centers for early diagnosis and treatment for patients that are or might be subjected to prescription drugs addiction:

i. the financial resources will be from governments, other non-government organisations, private agencies and any individual that wishes to contribute to the fund;

ii. human resources will be from local hospitals and clinics, and for remote areas, mobile clinics will be utilized;

     b. allocating facilities including but not limited to buildings, medical equipment, sanitized water, as well as regulating annual check-ups to maintain the facilities in good conditions;

 

5. Internationally categorizes drugs into two categories: soft drugs and hard drugs, based on the precedents of the EU, with some modifications consented by the WHO as a whole:

  1. soft drugs include drugs that are proven to be not generally addictive, have been decriminalized or legalized in some countries;

  2. hard drugs include drugs that may or may not be generally addictive, have been decriminalized by few countries;

 

6. Encourages nations to decriminalize the use of illicit drugs, with the purposes of, but not limited to:

  1. control the use of drugs among citizens, including but not limited to:

i. specific amount of drugs used and sold by citizens,

ii. public and private trades of drugs,

iii. types of drugs on the market,

  1. eliminate illegal drugs trafficking and drugs overdose;

 

7. Raises public awareness of the potential consequences of prescription drug abuse by:

  1. online methods, including but not limited to:

    1. educational sites,

    2. online newspapers,

    3. social media,

  2. offline methods, including but not limited to:

    1. workshops, events, programs, and campaigns hosted by public and private institutions/organizations

    2. posters and newspapers,

    3. medicine labeling,

8. Reinforces that pharmacists are given sufficient professional trainings before being certified to provide medicines/drugs for patients so as to avoid misuse of drug abuse, on those topics or more.





 

Dac An NguyenComment